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SANS ISC: Massive wave of ransomware ongoing - SANS Internet Storm Center SANS ISC InfoSec Forums


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Massive wave of ransomware ongoing

For an updated summary, see: WannaCry/WannaCrypt Ransomware Summary

For a few hours, bad news are spreading quickly about a massive wave of infections by a new ransomware called "WannaCry". We are still trying to collect more information about it. It seems that 45K attacks were detected from 74 differents countries:


(Source: MalwareTech)

Big targets have been telecom operators (ex: Telefonica in Spain) and hospitals in UK. Once the malware has infected a computer, it spreads across the network looking for new victims using the SMB protocol.

The ransomware uses the Microsoft vulnerability MS17-10[1]. (This vulnerability was used by ETERNALBLUE[2])

Here are some IOC's that we already collected:

SHA256:

  • 09a46b3e1be080745a6d8d88d6b5bd351b1c7586ae0dc94d0c238ee36421cafa
  • 24d004a104d4d54034dbcffc2a4b19a11f39008a575aa614ea04703480b1022c
  • 2584e1521065e45ec3c17767c065429038fc6291c091097ea8b22c8a502c41dd
  • 2ca2d550e603d74dedda03156023135b38da3630cb014e3d00b1263358c5f00d
  • 4a468603fdcb7a2eb5770705898cf9ef37aade532a7964642ecd705a74794b79

SHA1:

  • 45356a9dd616ed7161a3b9192e2f318d0ab5ad10
  • 51e4307093f8ca8854359c0ac882ddca427a813c

MD5:

  • 509c41ec97bb81b0567b059aa2f50fe8
  • 7bf2b57f2a205768755c07f238fb32cc
  • 7f7ccaa16fb15eb1c7399d422f8363e8

File extension: .wncry

Ransomware notification: @Please_Read_Me@.txt

Emerging threats has an IDS rule that catches the ransomware activity: (ID: 2024218)

alert tcp $HOME_NET 445 -> any any (msg:"ET EXPLOIT Possible ETERNALBLUE MS17-010 Echo Response"; flow:from_server,established; content:"|00 00 00 31 ff|SMB|2b 00 00 00 00 98 07 c0|"; depth:16; fast_pattern; content:"|4a 6c 4a 6d 49 68 43 6c 42 73 72 00|"; distance:0; flowbits:isset,ETPRO.ETERNALBLUE; classtype:trojan-activity; sid:2024218; rev:2;)

Until now, the best protection is of course to patch your systems as soon as possible and keep your users aware of the new ransomware campaign to preven them to open suspicious emails/files.

[1] https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms17-010.aspx
[2] https://isc.sans.edu/forums/diary/ETERNALBLUE+Windows+SMBv1+Exploit+Patched/22304/

We will update this diary with more information if available. 

Xavier Mertens (@xme)
ISC Handler - Freelance Security Consultant
PGP Key

Xme

288 Posts
ISC Handler
The ET rule includes this:
flowbits:isset,ETPRO.ETERNALBLUE;
Do you have the other rule that sets the ETERNALBLUE flowbit?
John

88 Posts Posts
That would be 2024220. I currently do not have access the actual content of the signature.
Anonymous

Posts
alert smb any any -> $HOME_NET any (msg:"ET EXPLOIT Possible ETERNALBLUE MS17-010 Heap Spray"; flow:to_server,established; content:"|ff|SMB|33 00 00 00 00 18 07 c0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00|"; offset:4; depth:25; content:"|08 ff fe 00 08 41 00 09 00 00 00 10|"; within:12; fast_pattern; content:"|00 00 00 00 00 00 00 10|"; within:8; content:"|00 00 00 10|"; distance:4; within:4; pcre:"/^[a-zA-Z0-9+/]{1000,}/R"; threshold: type threshold, track by_src, count 12, seconds 1; classtype:trojan-activity; sid:2024217; rev:1;)

alert smb any any -> $HOME_NET any (msg:"ET EXPLOIT Possible ETERNALBLUE MS17-010 Echo Request (set)"; flow:to_server,established; content:"|00 00 00 31 ff|SMB|2b 00 00 00 00 18 07 c0|"; depth:16; fast_pattern; content:"|4a 6c 4a 6d 49 68 43 6c 42 73 72 00|"; distance:0; flowbits:set,ETPRO.ETERNALBLUE; flowbits:noalert; classtype:trojan-activity; sid:2024220; rev:1;)

alert smb $HOME_NET any -> any any (msg:"ET EXPLOIT Possible ETERNALBLUE MS17-010 Echo Response"; flow:from_server,established; content:"|00 00 00 31 ff|SMB|2b 00 00 00 00 98 07 c0|"; depth:16; fast_pattern; content:"|4a 6c 4a 6d 49 68 43 6c 42 73 72 00|"; distance:0; flowbits:isset,ETPRO.ETERNALBLUE; classtype:trojan-activity; sid:2024218; rev:1;)
Xme

288 Posts Posts
ISC Handler
Here are some IOCs that allegedly hit a telecom company

https://www.hybrid-analysis.com/sample/ed01ebfbc9eb5bbea545af4d01bf5f1071661840480439c6e5babe8e080e41aa?environmentId=100
Anonymous

Posts
open the domain
Open this domain,  www.iuqerfsodp9ifjaposdfjhgosurijfaewrwergwea.com
It is a killswitch for the worm. If the malware finds it, is shuts down. Malwarebytes figured it out and bought the name and setup the site.
 
Expect a new variant yet this weekend, that bypasses this flaw.
 
Anonymous

Posts
Legacy (XP, etc.) systems patch is out: https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/msrc/2017/05/12/customer-guidance-for-wannacrypt-attacks/
daem0n647

6 Posts Posts
A killswitch has been activated stopping the spread of the virus....

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/13/accidental-hero-finds-kill-switch-to-stop-spread-of-ransomware-cyber-attack?CMP=fb_gu
Anonymous

Posts
This Google search:

intitle:"Index of" "WNCRY"

returns a couple of dozen systems, some that are displaying things like:

404.html.bak.WNCRY, 2017-03-18 23:19, 616. [TXT], @Please_Read_Me@.txt, 2017-05-12 22:52, 933. [ ], @WanaDecryptor@.exe, 2017-05-12 02:22, 240K.

I haven't been brave enough to actually click any of the links, though...
Anonymous

Posts
Quote:Until now, the best protection is of course to patch your systems as soon as possible and keep your users aware of the new ransomware campaign to preven them to open suspicious emails/files.


In addition to this: use Software Restriction Policies to stop the PRIMARY attack vector, i.e. deny execution of anything your users can write/create (unless installed into a safe directory where only an administrator can write).
Anonymous

Posts
WannaCrypt Emergency Patch for pre-Windows 10 computers targeted
http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=KB4012598

(Microsoft) Customer Guidance for WannaCrypt attacks

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/msrc/2017/05/12/customer-guidance-for-wannacrypt-attacks/

We are working with customers to provide additional assistance as this situation evolves, and will update this blog with details as appropriate.

Phillip Misner, Principal Security Group Manager Microsoft Security Response Center

Further resources:

Download English language security updates: Windows Server 2003 SP2 x64, Windows Server 2003 SP2 x86, Windows XP SP2 x64,Windows XP SP3 x86, Windows XP Embedded SP3 x86, Windows 8 x86, Windows 8 x64

Download localized language security updates: Windows Server 2003 SP2 x64, Windows Server 2003 SP2 x86, Windows XP SP2 x64,Windows XP SP3 x86, Windows XP Embedded SP3 x86, Windows 8 x86, Windows 8 x64

General information on ransomware: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/security/portal/mmpc/shared/ransomware.aspx

MS17-010 Security Update: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms17-010.aspx

MS17-010: Security update for Windows SMB Server: March 14, 2017
Including Windows 10
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4013389/title
http://www.trymytools.com/how-to-remove-wannacryptor-ransomware-and-decrypt-files/
Anonymous

Posts

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